Thursday, July 01, 2021

Corruption In Nepal

आर्थिक वर्षको अन्तिम १४ दिनमा ५ खर्ब कसरी खर्च गर्न सक्छ सरकार ? बजेट निर्माण र खर्च गर्ने संरचनागत प्रणालीमै खोट : अर्थविद् ......... चालू आर्थिक वर्ष सकिनै लाग्दा यता सरकारले भने आर्थिक वर्षको कुल बजेटको ६६.०७ प्रतिशत मात्र खर्च गर्न सकेको छ । अर्थात् एक–तिहाइभन्दा बढी बजेट आर्थिक वर्ष सकिनै लाग्दासमेत सरकारले खर्च गर्न सकेको छैन । .......... थप नाजुक देखिएको विकास (पुँजीगत) खर्च त ५० प्रतिशत पनि पुग्न मुस्किल देखिएको ....... यद्यपि आर्थिक वर्षको दिन ढल्किदै जाँदा पछिल्ला दिनहरूमा सरकारले दैनिक बजेट भुक्तानीलाई तीव्रता दिइरहेको छ । यस्तो भुक्तानी दैनिक ५–७ अर्बको हुने गरेको छ । आज मात्र सरकारले ६ अर्ब ९३ करोडको भुक्तानी दिएको छ । ......... बजेट कार्यान्वयनको सवालमा न त आयोजना परियोजनाको अनुगमन हुन्छ न त त्यसको जवाफदेहिता नै । .........

विगत ५ वर्षको तथ्याङ्कलाई हेर्दा आर्थिक वर्षको १०–११ महिनासम्म अधिकतम ४० प्रतिशत पनि पुँजीगत खर्च नहुने र अन्तिममा एकै पटक ३०/४० प्रतिशतसम्म असारे विकास खर्च हुनेगरेको उनको भनाइ छ ।

A year of corruption Nepal had ranked 130th out of 168 countries surveyed in 2015, ahead of Afghanistan and Bangladesh. Now, Nepal is perceived to be the fourth most corrupt country in South Asia, behind Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan. ........ attributed Nepal’s ranking to its inability to end the abuse of state authorities — government, parliament, judiciary, and security agencies -- for private gain. ........ Oli had even brought two anti-corruption bodies, the Department of Revenue Investigation and the Department of Money Laundering Investigation -- under the purview of the prime minister’s office in order to make them “more effective and result oriented”. ........ But

2020 began with a major scandal involving a high-profile member of the Nepal Communist Party (NCP) and one of Oli’s confidantes.

In early February, the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority filed a charge sheet against 175 individuals accusing them of conspiring with public officials to purchase prime government property at Baluwatar’s Lalita Niwas at dirt-cheap rates. Finance Minister Bishnu Poudel, who is also general secretary of the NCP, was also implicated in the land grab through his son Nabin Poudel ............. Later that same month, an audio tape was leaked where a voice purported to be Gokul Baskota, who was then minister for communication and information technology,

could be heard demanding a bribe of Rs 700 million over the construction of a secure printing press in Nepal.

Baskota resigned in shame ........... A month later, as the pandemic was just getting started in Nepal, another scandal hit, surrounding the procurement of medical supplies from China by the private company Omni International. Bhanubhakta Dhakal, who was Health Minister at the time, was implicated in the March scandal, along with his aide Dr Khem Karki.

Dhakal never resigned and is now the Tourism Minister.


84 percent of Nepalis believed that “government corruption is a big problem”.

........... attributed the worsening of people’s perceptions regarding public sector corruption primarily to the actions of Prime Minister Oli. ......... In December, Oli had passed an ordinance amending the Constitutional Council Act, allowing the council to take decisions on the basis of a simple majority of members present. The Constitutional Council, which comprises the prime minister, the House Speaker and the Deputy Speaker, chair of the National Assembly, the chief justice of the Supreme Court, and leader of the opposition, chooses ambassadors and makes appointments to important constitutional bodies like the CIAA. While earlier the council could only sit if five of the six members were present, the ordinance allows it to sit and take decisions with just three members. ...............

Almost immediately after introducing the ordinance, Oli, on December 20, dissolved the House of Representatives and acting under the new amendment, the council appointed former home secretary Prem Rai, believed to be one of Oli’s trusted men, chief of the CIAA.

......... “But it is no longer just an issue of appointments to constitutional bodies, even the appointment of judges to the judiciary seems suspect,” said Upadhyay. “Consequently,

the dispensation of justice is also now influenced by politics.”

Corruption in Nepal: Level, Pattern and Trend Analysis
Corruption in nepal: an analytiCal study - Nepal Journals Online
A year of corruption
Political corruption inside Nepal continues as government investigations falter

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