Wednesday, March 20, 2013

How The FDRA Could Bring In Baidya, Yadav, Rai

English: Sketch portrait of Pushpa Kamal Dahal...
English: Sketch portrait of Pushpa Kamal Dahal, President of the communist party of Nepal-maoist Français : Pushpa Kamal Dahal, président du parti communiste népalais-maoïste Italiano: Pushpa Kamal Dahal, Presidente del partito comunista del Nepal-maoista (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The FDRA should leave no stone unturned to bring in the break away Maoist group, and Upendra Yadav's coalition and the two parties that broke away from the CPN(UML) and the NC as well fringe parties like those led by Sarita Giri.

The promise to turn Nepal into a multi-party democracy of state funded parties should bring in Baidya. A fair share of seats and a promise to form a two thirds majority government, not a simple majority government should bring in Yadav and his coalition. The same might work for the two Rais.

Already the FDRA is poised to hit 55-60%. But 60% is not enough. You need 66%. And the FDRA expanding to include Baidya, the Yadav led coalition and the two Rai led parties would suffice to bring forth a two thirds majority in the next assembly for a coalition of federalists.

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the main contentious issue of election manifesto is the issues related to Madhes. Madhes-based parties have pressed the Maoists to give priority to their agenda, while preparing the election manifesto ..... The meeting also entrusted FDRA head Pushpa Kamal Dahal to hold talks with other parties and bring them on board, forging election alliances.
चुनावमा जान नेकपा-माओवादीका पाँच सर्त
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Modi declared that the business of governments was not business. He talked of harnessing solar energy by installing panels over canals and he suggested partial privatization of that holy cow, the railways .... Presently, 11 states have the special-status tag: the seven North-eastern States, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. .... The gap between the per capita income of Bihar and the national per capita income has kept widening since 1950-51 ..... “For Bihar, acceleration of the rate of growth of around 11 percent during the Eleventh Plan to around 13 percent during the Twelfth Plan will require a massive increase in total investment (public and private)—from around 29.9% in Eleventh Plan to around 45% during the Twelfth Plan period. This has got to be financed by domestic and government savings.”
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FDRA's Awesome Move

English: Pushpa Kumar Dahal (also known as Pra...
English: Pushpa Kumar Dahal (also known as Prachanda), prime minister of Nepal, during av visit to Norway in March 2009 ‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Pushpa Kumar Dahal (også kjent som Prachanda), Nepals statsminister, under et besøk i Norge i mars 2009 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
To contest with one candidate everywhere is awesome. This will bring about a victory to the federalism cause. The FDRA should go one step further and bring in many other federalist parties under the FDRA tent. Upendra Yadav, Sharad Singh, Sarita Giri, Ashok Rai, Gopal Rai come to mind.

FDRA to go to polls with single manifesto
common manifesto, common candidates and a common agenda. .... FDRA leaders have been arguing that the alliance is a new force favoring federal states based on ethnic identity. ..... The meeting on Tuesday also decided to expand the FDRA in all districts. It will decide through consensus which alliance party will head the alliance in which district.
प्रमुख दलहरु 'चुनावी मैदानमा होमिदै'
Every political party in Nepal has sought support from intelligence agencies in India, the US and Europe: Prof. SD Muni
It’s a hobbyhorse in Nepal to go on beating about RAW and intelligence agencies. Yes, RAW and intelligence agencies are there. They work. They sometimes work correctly, sometimes incorrectly, sometimes they vitiate the problem, sometimes they are unable to do anything. You can’t peg all your decision making, all your developments in Nepal just on intelligence agencies. That shows the level of understanding of the Indian political system. Tell me actually how many Nepalese are understanding or reading or studying the Indian political system how it works? Intelligence agencies are not the only factor, only force in the political system.
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Muslims' rights are a far cry in Nepal
Their literacy rate and human development index is lesser than Dalits and people from backward districts in the Karnali region. ..... Muslim women have their distinct identity in terms of religion, ethnicity, culture and rituals and they have been facing triple discrimination –first, in terms of being women; second, in terms of being Muslim; and thirdly, being discriminated against among Muslims for being Muslim women. .... there are really good provisions in the Quran relating to Muslim daughters/women. It says both sons and daughters be given education or trained equally; if it’s not done, it is a sin. .... Muslims are found in most of the 75 districts of Nepal even though they are concentrated mainly in Tarai and western hill districts. ..... Muslims form the largest single population groups in five Tarai districts - Banke, Rautahat, Kapilbastu, Parsa and Bara. .... Muslims form the single largest group in five other districts - Dhausha, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Sunsari and Siraha. ..... Muslims are worse off than other groups especially in health indicators such as antenatal care, total fertility rates, and early childhood mortality. ..... Nepali Muslims are mostly Sunni but a small minority is Shia .... 96 per cent of Nepal’s Muslims live in Tarai. ..... despite the fact that Muslims commonly refer to verses from the Quran and Sunna such as ‘Seek knowledge from cradle to grave’ and ‘Every Muslim boy or girl should pursue his or her education as far as possible.’ ..... the national level political parties continue to treat Muslims as token representatives. While most of these national parties have formed Muslim Fronts as their parties’ sister organizations, the lack of representation of Muslims in the central committees indicates that the gesture of creating the Muslim Fronts is to only exploit the Muslim vote bank.
The symbolic of disorder
Hegemony works because its subjects accept it not just willingly but enthusiastically. ..... for the BCN ‘patriots,’ Binod will forever be a Marwari who manipulated his way to the top. The billionaire’s achievements then become the cause of jealousy and resentment rather than admiration and inspiration. ..... The most happening place in Bhairahawa, the gateway to Lumbini, is the Devkota Chowk. ..... Awadhis try their best to impress officers manning outposts of the state in the frontier district by speaking in Nepali and repeatedly fail to properly express themselves. ..... It was King Mahendra who killed the diversity of the country and sapped the creativity of the countryside with his one-language, one-culture, one-religion and one-dress formula. ..... Macaulay manufactured the Brown Englishman and enchained the Indian mind for a long time to come. ..... Mahendrism has produced Nationalist Madheshis who refuse to realize that they would perhaps be better Nepalis by being what they are rather than wasting their energy in becoming what they can never authentically be. ..... Despite the wave of the Madhesh Uprising, voters of Kapilvastu sent Dip Kumar Upadhyaya (Lamichhane?) to the dissolved Constituent Assembly where he spent more time running down Madheshi aspirations for federalism and inclusion than in protecting, let alone promoting, their interests. ..... An influential section of Madheshis has been conditioned to accept their humiliation (“the enforced lowering of a person or group, a process of subjugation that damages or strips away their pride, honor or dignity”) as normal and are frightened to emerge out of the mainstream mask. Recognition of difference is perhaps the point of departure for empowerment.
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In a huge turnaround, Bihar has emerged as the fastest growing state in the country with figure of 10.9 per cent, overtaking Gujarat whose growth has dipped. ..... Gujarat was the fastest growing state between 2001 and 2005 with figure of 11 per cent. But during 2006 and 2010, its growth dipped to 9.3 per cent and was overtaken by Bihar and four other states -- Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Maharashtra and Orissa. .... Chhattisgarh grew from 7.7 per cent in 2001-05 to 10 per cent growth, Haryana grew from 8.4 per cent to 9.7 per cent, Maharashtra from 8.2 per cent to 9.6 per cent and Orissa from 7.8 per cent to 9.4 per cent. .... Average GDP growth of top five states was 9.10 per cent in 11th five year plan, up from 7 per cent in 10th plan and 5 per cent in 9th plan. .... Bottom five states also saw a significant average growth, with figures of 8.58 per cent in 11th plan as compared to 6.76 per cent in 10th plan and 4.12 per cent in 9th plan. ..... The period between 2004-05 and 2011-12 also saw an average increase of 300 per cent in consumption in rural areas, bridging the big divide witnessed in the earlier five-year period and highlighting the inclusive growth. ..... In the 12th plan period, the Centre is set to increase its assistance substantially over the previous period for various programmes..... Among them, Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) is going to be the biggest beneficiary with Rs.1,08,503 crore, marking around 396 per cent increase...... For National Health Mission, the increase in allocation will be 278 per cent from Rs.66,127 crore in 11th plan to Rs.250,000 crore in the 12th plan.
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Mahato said the national consensus government should be formed under the leadership of an independent person..... the Madhes-based party has also decided to expand its organizations in all the 75 districts within next three months to accommodate leaders from all communities in the party.
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In 2005 Harvard University produced more scientific papers than 17 Arabic-speaking countries combined. The world’s 1.6 billion Muslims have produced only two Nobel laureates in chemistry and physics. Both moved to the West: the only living one, the chemist Ahmed Hassan Zewail, is at the California Institute of Technology. By contrast Jews, outnumbered 100 to one by Muslims, have won 79. The 57 countries in the Organisation of the Islamic Conference spend a puny 0.81% of GDP on research and development, about a third of the world average. America, which has the world’s biggest science budget, spends 2.9%; Israel lavishes 4.4%..... A Muslim scientific awakening is under way. And the roots of scientific backwardness lie not with religious leaders, but with secular rulers, who are as stingy with cash as they are lavish with controls over independent thought. ..... Between the eighth and the 13th centuries, while Europe stumbled through the dark ages, science thrived in Muslim lands. The Abbasid caliphs showered money on learning. The 11th century “Canon of Medicine” by Avicenna (pictured, with modern equipment he would have relished) was a standard medical text in Europe for hundreds of years. In the ninth century Muhammad al-Khwarizmi laid down the principles of algebra, a word derived from the name of his book, “Kitab al-Jabr”. Al-Hasan Ibn al-Haytham transformed the study of light and optics. Abu Raihan al-Biruni, a Persian, calculated the earth’s circumference to within 1%. And Muslim scholars did much to preserve the intellectual heritage of ancient Greece; centuries later it helped spark Europe’s scientific revolution. ....... Accurately calculating the beginning of Ramadan (determined by the sighting of the new moon) motivated astronomers. The Hadith (the sayings of Muhammad) exhort believers to seek knowledge, “even as far as China”. ..... Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, which opened in 2009, has a $20 billion endowment that even rich American universities would envy. .... The rulers of neighbouring Qatar are bumping up research spending from 0.8% to a planned 2.8% of GDP: depending on growth, that could reach $5 billion a year. Research spending in Turkey increased by over 10% each year between 2005 and 2010, by which year its cash outlays were twice Norway’s. ..... In the 2000 to 2009 period Turkey’s output of scientific papers rose from barely 5,000 to 22,000; with less cash, Iran’s went up 1,300, to nearly 15,000. Quantity does not imply quality, but the papers are getting better, too. Scientific journals, and not just the few based in the Islamic world, are citing these papers more frequently. A study in 2011 by Thomson Reuters, an information firm, shows that in the early 1990s other publishers cited scientific papers from Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Turkey (the most prolific Muslim countries) four times less often than the global average. By 2009 it was only half as often. In the category of best-regarded mathematics papers, Iran now performs well above average, with 1.7% of its papers among the most-cited 1%, with Egypt and Saudi Arabia also doing well. Turkey scores highly on engineering. ..... Many Muslims are troubled by the notion that humans share a common ancestor with apes. ..... fewer than 20% in Indonesia, Malaysia or Pakistan believed in Darwin’s theories. In Egypt it was just 8%. ..... Theodosius Dobzhansky, one of the founders of genetics, saying that “nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution”. Science describes how things change; Islam, in a larger sense, explains why, she says. ...... according to Islam, the soul does not enter the fetus until between 40 and 120 days after conception—so scientists at the Royan Institute in Iran are able to carry out stem-cell research without attracting censure. ..... Muhammad Morsi, Egypt’s president, is a former professor of engineering at Zagazig University, near Cairo. He has a PhD in materials science from the University of Southern California (his dissertation was entitled “High-Temperature Electrical Conductivity and Defect Structure of Donor-Doped Al2O{-3}”). ..... The political storms shaking the Middle East could promote not only democracy, but revive scientific freethinking, too.

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