Friday, June 30, 2006

My Federalism Is Economic, Scientific, Not Ethnic


Proposed Republican Constitution 2006

The federalism I have proposed is of three states - Kosi, Gandaki, Karnali.

At one end we have people who are opposed to the very concept of federalism, or suggest turning Birendra's arbitrary five development regions into states that are at best crude concepts in administrative decentralization. At another end are people who want ethnic states, perhaps eight or more in number. The Maoists also want that, as do several Janajati groups. I appreciate the sentiment behind that suggestion. The various ethnic groups have been so severely marginalized for so long that the pendulum wants to swing the other way. People want to divide the country into so many states in such ways that the Bahun Chhetri are a minority in every single one of them.

As a Madhesi myself, I understand all that sentiment.

But I am for three states. I think Nepal's geography is designed for these three states. Three river basins lead to three states.

My proposal on federalism has one central goal: double digit economic growth.

Instead of eight or nine ethnic states, I would rather have 75 well funded districts.

My proposal for federalism is such that it envisions a Nepal whose economy is so vibrant that people move around quite a lot.

America has a much better physical infrastructure compared to Nepal. And in America you find states that have five million people and even less. If Nepal is 27 million people, having three states, nine million each is necessary.

We should all agree on federalism, and then proceed to discuss the form of that federalism.

Reservations In The Parliament

Proposed Republican Constitution 2006

I have tried to design something particular for the Nepal situation that perhaps might have appeal beyond Nepal, something that other countries in the Global South can try and learn from.

Although my proposed constitution puts the individual at the center, I also put the collective identities on stage. And that will make Nepal a cutting edge democracy.

Women, Dalit, Janajati, Madhesi: these are not names of individuals. These are collective identities. My proposed constitution recognizes that. If we implement this, it will be the first of its kind.

And the reservations are decided by a formula.

America Does Not Decide, The Seven Parties Do

Moriarty has been taking some heat for suggesting America will not recognize the interim government if that might include the Maoists that have not yet renounced violence.

Ultimately it is for the seven party alliance to decide. It is not for America or Moriarty to decide.

But we ourselves on our own have to be more vigilant about the Maoists. This is not about Moriarty. This is about us.

The idea of having one central government but two armies is kind of unheard of. Makes no sense. I like Prachanda's suggestion that the interim Prime Minister become the Commander In Chief of both armies.

Interim Constitution Draft

Show Me The Money

Auditing the government expenses over the past few years is as important as documenting the human rights abuses. People who have looted the treasury have to return the money and face the consequences.

ANA Convention

It is dubbed the biggest Nepali event outside Nepal. New York City is hosting it this year. I will show up tomorrow morning. Guests are already arriving.

Saturday, Sunday, Monday. I will be very busy. I will be moderating a forum on Sunday, another on Monday.

Expect a ton of photos and audio right here at this blog. But perhaps only after it is all over.

Association of Nepalis in America.

बहुजातीय मार्गचित्र
हर्कराज चोङवाङ

-१) लिम्बुवान प्रान्त

ताप्लेजुङ्ग, पाँचथर, इलाम, झापा, मोरङ, सुनसरी, धनकुटा, तेरथुम र संखुवासभालाई समेट्ने अरुण नदी पूर्व सिक्किम, दार्जीलिङ सिमाना पश्चिम भोट तिब्बत दक्षिण जोगवनी पूणिर्या उत्तरको १६३५८ वर्ग किलोमिटर क्षेत्रफल भित्रको प्राकृतिक भू भागमा भएको वर्तमान जनसंख्या सहित ३२१५३१५ राज्य लिम्बुवान प्रान्त हुनेछ ।

-२) खम्बुवान प्रान्त

सोलखुम्बू, ओखलढुङ्गा, खोटाङ, उदयपुर, दोलखा, रामेछाप, सिन्धुली, सर्लाही, भोजपुर र सप्तरी समेट्ने तामा कोसी पूर्व अरुण नदी पश्चिम, तिब्बत चीन दक्षिण सप्तरीको चुरे पहाड उत्तरको सांध सिमाना भित्रपर्ने क्षेत्रफल ४१२९ वर्ग किलोमिटरभित्रको वर्तमान जनसंख्या २८,८८,९२१ भएको भू-भाग भित्र खम्बुवान प्रान्त हुनेछ ।

-३) ताम्सालिङ प्रान्त

काभ्रेपलाञ्चोक, सिन्धुपाल्चोक, नुवाकोट, रसुवा, धादिङ, मकवानपुर र चितवनलाई समेट्ने त्रिशूली देवघाट पूर्व, तामाकोशी पश्चिम, तिब्बत चीन दक्षिण, सिमरौन गढ उत्तर सिमाना भित्र पर्ने १३१७३ वर्ग किलोमिटर क्षेत्रफल भित्रको भू-भागका जनसंख्या २२,२८,०४८ भएको ताम्सालिङ प्रान्त राज्य हुनेछ ।

-४) स्याङजाली प्रान्त

स्याङजा, कास्की, लमजुङ, गोरखा, तनहुँ, नवलपरासी, पर्वत, मनाङ र मुस्ताङ समेट्ने गरी त्रिशूली नदी देवघाट पश्चिम, कालीगण्डकी पूर्व, घिरिङ उत्तर तिब्बत चीन दक्षिणभित्रको क्षेत्रफल २१६६१ वर्ग किलोमिटर भित्रको वर्तमान जनसंख्या २७, ६११२६ भएको भूभाग स्याङजाली प्रान्त हुनेछ ।

-५) मँगरात प्रान्त

पाल्पा, अर्घाखाँची, बाग्लुङ, म्याग्दी, कपिलवस्तु, रूपन्देही, प्युठान, रोल्पा, रुकुम, डोल्पा, मुगु र गुल्मी समेट्ने गरी साँध सिमाना भित्रको क्षेत्रफल जम्मा ३५७४७ वर्ग किलोमिटर भूभागभित्र वर्तमान जनसंख्या १८, ७९५९० भएको मगरात प्रान्त हुनेछ ।

-६) तराई मधेशी थारू प्रान्त

पर्सा, सिराहा, धनुषा, महोत्तरी, रौतहट र बारा समेटेर साँध सिमानाभित्रको क्षेत्रफल २०७२७ वर्ग किलो मिटर भित्रको भूभागमा वर्तमान जनसंख्या ३४५०६९९ भएको तराई मधेशी थारू प्रान्त हुनेछ ।

-७) खसान प्रान्त

दाङ, बाँके, सल्यान, बर्दिया, दैलेख, जाजरकोट, कालिकोट, जुम्ला र हुम्ला समेटेर साँध सिमानाभित्रको क्षेत्रफल २२४३८ वर्ग किलो मिटरभित्रको भूभागमा वर्तमान जनसंख्या २०३९८४० भएको कणर्ाली खसान प्रान्त राज्य हुनेछ ।

-८) बझाङ्गी कणर्ाली प्रान्त

दार्चुला, बझाङ, बाजुरा, आछाम, कैलाली, कञ्चनपुर, डोटी, डडेलधुरा र बैतडी समेट्ने बझाङ्गी कणर्ाली प्रान्त हुनेछ ।

-९) काठमाडौं उपत्यका नेवा केन्द्रीय राज्य

काठमाडौं, ललितपुर र भक्तपुर समेट्ने सिमाना भित्रको क्षेत्रफल ८९९ वर्ग किलोमिटरको भू-भाग भएको जनसंख्या १६४५०९१ भएको उपत्यका नेवा केन्द्रीय राज्य हुनेछ । यस राज्यको क्षेत्रफल १९५३९ वर्ग कि.मी. भित्रको जनसंख्या २१९१३३० छ ।

In The News

Yechury meets PM Koirala NepalNews
Release of Maoists delayed due to legal hassles: Rajan
Rayamajhi commission continues questioning of 'royal kingpins’
PAC asks property details of royal family, ministers
Prachanda proposes joint command for rival armies; Mahara criticizes Moriarty Prachanda has proposed that Nepali Army and People's Liberation Army should be placed under a joint command after the formation of the interim government.... proposed that prime minister should be the commander-in-chief of the joint command..... paving way for their ultimate merger. ..... a joint committee comprising Generals of the Nepali Army and commanders of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) to observe the activities of the whole armed force. The two forces may be kept in separate barracks...... Prachanda stressed that there would be no need of inviting foreigners or international agencies to manage arms and armies. ...... said contentious issues like people's court, Maoist's local governments, and display of arms by the rebel guerrillas would be settled once the interim government was formed....... "A five-page document based on the 25-point code of conduct and 8-point agreement is enough but there are attempts to expand the present six-member committee to 25." ........
En route to People's Supremacy in Nepal: Empowerment of people and Devolution of power- I - By Surendra R Devkota, Sanjaya Parajuli, and Pramod Aryal empowering different nationalities, minorities, and women .... It can be achieved only through political and economic devolution with sovereignty of nationalities..... Democratization only without authority to local community is bound to be unsuccessful ...... people's empowerment is the delegation of authority, accountability, and responsibility to people at different levels, and their representatives, without imposition from higher-ups, for functioning of the community in developing "ownership" under their control....... Nepalis should be empowered in the truest sense for comprehensive development of all respective communities within Nepal who share different socio-linguistic culture and heritage for sustained democratic institutions and rights of every citizen.......... "Devolution" essentially means the flow of governmental control, financing services, and programs to the local bodies for functioning with autonomy. Contrary to unification under one language, religion, and central governance, political devolution with sovereignty would truly unite the country and move ahead towards comprehensive prosperity of nationalities, minorities, women and population at large........ Structural, functional, and fiscal reforms can be accompanied by the replacement of sagging bureaucracy with executives, leaders, and visionaries....... increases entrepreneurship and "ownership" resonating from different nationalities' sovereignty will build confidence in nationhood and governance...... the Dhimal community of Jhapa; Chepang community of Chitwan; Tharus of Chitwan area, Dang, Deukhuri, Banke and Bardiya; Rai-Limbu community of Eastern Nepal hills; Sherpa's around Everest region; Maithali speaking Terai Bashi between Bagmati and Koshi basin; people of Terai origin between Koshi and Mechi basin, or between Bagmati basin and Thori jungle or between Narayani and Rapti basin; Newar community in and around Kathmandu valley; Gurung community around Annapurna Range; Magar community in the hills of Kaligandaki basin; Manang people in Manang valley; Muslim community of Rautahat, parts of Rupandehi/Kapilbastu, Banke and Bardiya; people of Terai origin of Nawalparasi, Rupandehi and Kapilbastu; and Humli of Karnali basin; Dotyal, Acchamis and Aitwal of far western region; and the Dalits who are scattered throughout the country but are destitute........ provide full autonomy, without centralized "Command and Control" structure and the need of permission of a higher authority, to develop local "ownership". This ultimately makes people aligned to guard democratic institutionalization.......... prevent the local community from falling prey to remote central authority marred with the syndrome of "Paralysis by Analysis"........ Two-way flow of information will develop responsible citizenship and responsive and accountable governance....... Access to information and autonomy with authority allows easy access to law, impartial justice and pressures for improved transparent and accountable governance. Service providers (governments and agencies) will be more accountable to the community exercising rights of information and control over the decision-making........ When groups connect with each other across communities they can influence government decision-making and gain collective bargaining power...... increasing citizens' vigilance against corruption, leakages and strengthening democracy..... a common person of remote village of Karnali or far-west can enjoy equal rights as that enjoyed by a member of a civic society. When this is clearly communicated, the local community will protect their rights through consensual awareness, honesty, openness, and will treat every member as an adult.
No interim govt before arms management: MK Nepal The Maoists are still continuing their activities such as forming people's courts, threatening and colleting donations. They must stop thinking that they can win people’s support by such activities ........ while addressing a gathering of party cadres of Seti Zone in Dhangadhi ...... the Maoist leaders have been saying that the arms management will begin only after an interim government that will be formed with the introduction of the interim constitution.......
Deuba leaves for New Delhi “I am not visiting India for party reunification although I am in favour of respectful reunion.”
UNDP emphasises on trade for human development the Asia-Pacific region has one of the fastest rates of growth in international trade. ...... report has suggested for investment to enhance competitiveness, frame strategies and trade policies, focus for promotion of agriculture, combat jobless population, design new tax regime, establish stable exchange rates, resist multilateralism and cooperate with the neighbouring countries to achieve economic prosperity in a shorter period........ "In a country where most people rely on farming, a trade strategy based on human development has to have agriculture at its core" ........ Governor of Nepal Rastra Bank Bijay Nath Bhattarai said the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) like Nepal has not been able to benefit from the World Trade Organization due to restrictions imposed by the developed countries........ work with the private sector to enhance their capability and improve the enabling environment for trading entrepreneurs, make Nepali exporters more competitive in the world market, enhance institutional capacities to analyze the content and impact of trade policies and launch special economic zones.
Missing Nepali student spotted in US Pratistha Budhathoki, a 20-year-old Nepali girl studying at St. Cloud University in Minnesotta, US, reported missing for over a week has used her credit card at a mountain top restaurant in US four days after she disappeared ....... the student's credit card was used to buy a ticket for the aerial tramway last Thursday four days after she went missing....... Police don't suspect foul play. They have searched the hiking trails on the mountains even though friends have said she was not a hiker or a mountain biker..... Earlier, police disclosed that someone used Budhathoki's cell phone to check messages on June 20 at Denver International Airport but no one recalled seeing her there.
Government arrears cross Rs. 28 billion: Auditor General Finance, Physical Planning and Works, Water Resources, Education and Sports and Local Development, top the list...... Arrears for the current fiscal year has reached seven billion 240 million rupees..... the amount disbursed by the ministries and through the cabinet decisions to the royal palace was yet to be traced....... the country’s foreign debt has now crossed Rs 324 billion which works out to the tune of Rs 13,000 per head.
Public Account Committee asks to furnish details on misuse of state fund submit within ten days a report on misuse of state fund during the interim period since the King sacked the elected Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba on October 4, 2002 until reinstatement of the House of Representatives in April this year....... directed the ministries to table detailed reports pertaining to financial assistance, donations, prizes, expenses incurred in state-funded medical treatments, receptions, foreign tours, besides funds issued to suppress the people's movement....... instructed the ministries to produce all the details of distribution of funds under "secret budget."....... form various sub-committees to probe into arrears pertaining to various government agencies.

Top Nepal rebel says no more war BBC News, UK
Nepal's Maoist rebels oppose arms monitors Reuters
Nepal Maoists propose joint armies, India
Maoists propose two armies under joint command Hindustan Times
Nepal king asked to disclose property details Times of India
Commission begins investigating April killings in Nepal Radio New Zealand
Minister Pandey Flays Idea Of Federal Structure Himalayan Times He said Nepal does not need any other level of office expect those at the central and district levels. ..... "We must go for district, city and village governments. We should aim at making the village development committees strong enough to distribute citizenship cards to the people there," he said..... Pandey further demanded that the state should be restructured in an inclusive manner by providing 33 per cent space for women, 37 per cent for Janajatis and 12 per cent for the Dalits....... Sindhu Nath Pyakurel, a member of the Interim Constitution Drafting Committee...... He said the future Nepal would be a democratic republic in all senses, adding that the new constitution will follow the principle of inclusive democracy.......
Nepal`s rebel leader disputes ceasefire killings Zee News, India


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BBC Nepali Service

Thursday, June 29, 2006

Brian Cobb: Perpetual Andolan

Perpetual Andolan
by Dr Brian Cobb

For all the well-deserved anger focused on th politicians and Maoist leaders, the real culprits are getting off scot-free yet again. The people didn't risk, and in some cases lose, their lives to put certain politicians or parties back in power. They didn't even do it so much to get rid of an arrogant, onerous and brutal king. They did it because they want better lives.

Nepal is the 12th poorest country on earth. Mortality, health, educational and other indices are horrifying. But we've all been blaming people who are, at best, only partially responsible for the nation's sorry state.

It really doesn't matter who's in Singh Durbar. Things aren't going to get better. Government is not run by ministers and MPs; it's run by bureaucrats. Despite all the outrage over Maoist extortion, the vast majority of extortion isn't by those with red-starred army caps, but by those with black topis. Just try to register a vehicle or a plot of land, get a visa, or avail yourself of any of the other services your taxes are supposed to be buying you. No baksheesh, no results. Period.

This might seem like small-time skimming to supplement low salaries, but it's much worse than that. It subverts the rule of law, deprives the poor of their rights, and prevents the services upon which civilization depends from reaching the neediest. It maintains an inherently unjust, brutal social order that costs far more lives and causes far more suffering than Prachanda and Baburam ever could.

I've come to the conclusion that the corrupt, urban elite not only neglect the poor, they actively prevent others from helping. I've been sitting in a hotel for over two months awaiting a visa to afford me the privilege of volunteering to help the people in Jumla. In the process I ran across the same Deputy Health Secretary, Dr Bishnu Pandit, who tried to shake me down for a bribe two years ago when I tried to renew my visa so I could do volunteer work. It's not like I'm even knocking his nephew out of a job or asking the MOH to waste its money on anything as frivolous as care for the rural poor. I just want a visa to do something for free that Nepalis won't do for money.

This treatment isn't limited to me. Dr Mark Zimmerman, after 20 years of volunteer service at Patan Hospital, was treated the same way. So have many people from UMN.

So I have a moral dilemma: should I perpetuate corruption and violate the US's Foreign Corrupt Practices Act by paying off the bureaucrats so I can care for a lot of very needy folks who are dropping off like flies from lack of even basic care, or should I pack up and leave and let the people of Karnali fend for themselves?

It's not solely a personal dilemma. It's a question of whether the country wants to institutionalize the spirit of the second Andolan or keep experiencing an Andolan--and probably a civil war--every decade or so? If the Maobadi sell out and join the government as it is, the people will find someone who won't, or at least promises not to.

One can detect a very strong, inverse correlation between the Human Development Index or life expectancy or income and the degree of Maoist activity in any given district. But aside from a few cosmetic resolutions, I'm not seeing any sign that anyone realizes it, or cares.
Cruel cops, sadistic soldiers and predatory prison guards aren't going to guarantee a stable polity. Dedicated doctors and talented teachers will, if the corrupt elite will ever learn the lesson and let them do it.

The racist, zero-sum, exploitative ethos that has dominated Nepal since Prithvi Narayan Shah murdered and mutilated his way to power has to go, de facto and not merely de jure. In the days before widespread literacy, international travel, TV and the internet the people could be deluded enough to think justice and equality don't exist except in the imagination, but now they know better.

So the question is whether the elites will endorse the Andolan or endure more of them.
Prof. Brian Cobb, M.D. Emergency and Critical Care Medicine Cowardice asks the question - is it safe? Expediency asks the question - is it politic? Vanity asks the question - is it popular? But conscience asks the question - is it right? And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular; but one must take it because it is right. --Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Dr. Brian Cobb: Speech At Gongabu
Brian Cobb: Savagery On The Roof Of The World
Brian Cobb, Brave Man

Email From Vijay Karna

Dear Sir/ Madam

You are kindly requested to participate in the Gherao programme for the proportional participation of Madhesi in the state. We are being discriminated since 238 yrs of authoritarian Shah dynasty. The social, political, and economic exclusion and disempowerment of the Madhesis have kept them out of the national process of cultural homogenization just as enforcement of the mono-linguistic policy has resulted in the loss of invaluable cultural assets and identities, debarring them from their legitimate right in the nation-building process.

Even after the restoration of the democracy, we are not treated equal in all sphere of the state. The seven party alliance govt and CPN- Maoist are preparing for the election of Constituent Assembly without giving citizenship of 5 Million Madhesis. The SPA is also not ready to address various issues of Madhes. We realized that without movement, Madhesi will not get their legitimate share in the state and continue to suffer. Keeping above facts in mind, we have established an alliance of different Madhesi individuals and organizations and named Loktrantrik Madhesi Alliance Democratic Madhesi Alliance (DMA)

DMA is a common forum of likeminded individuals and organizations that advocate the rights of Madhesi peoples.

Our Main demands:

  1. Give Citizenship to all stateless Madhesis before the election of Constituent assembly.
  2. Establishment of Federal, Democratic Republican political system.
  3. Proportional Representation of Madhesis in all state structures.
  4. Proportional Representation of Madhesis in the Constituent Assembly (CA) election.
  5. Fresh Census on the scientific basis before the election of CA.

Gherao Programme

1. July 02, 2006 Sunday --- 4. P M. Singh Durbar (Central Secretariat) Main gate

2. July 03, 2006 Monday --- 12. Noon. CPN- UML head office, Balkhu.

3. July 04, 2006 Tuesday --- 10 A. M. Prime Minister's Residence, Baluwatar.

4. July 05, 2006 Wednesday --12.Noon Nepali Congress Head office, Sanepa.

5. July 06, 2006 Thursday --- 12. Noon N C (Democratic) Head office, Maharajganj

6. July 07, 2006 Friday -- 12. Noon CPN- Maoist Dialogue Office, Old Baneswar.

In The News

Yechury meets Indian PM Singh ahead of his Nepal tour NepalNews
Deuba leaves for New Delhi
USA and Korea keen to get observer status in SAARC: DPM Oli
Prachanda continues political consultations; meets Minister Tripathi Tripathi made his party’s stance clear on the eight point agreement and its implementation. .... Prachanda is also scheduled to meet prominent leaders of civil society on Thursday. .... Maoist spokesperson Mahara and central committee leader Suresh Ale Magar also met with the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Ambassador for Conflict Management, Lena Sundh, who arrived here from Stockholm on Monday for a six-day ‘assessment’ visit. the Maoist supreme has held discussions with senior leaders of Nepali Congress, CPN (UML), Nepal Workers and Peasants Party, Nepali Congress (Democratic) and Nepal Sadbhawana Party (Anandidevi), among others
Prachanda power vs people's power By Ashok K Mehta Peace processes have their own dynamics and longevity. The one playing out in Nepal is surely unique: The political settlement was cobbled together even before the armed conflict had ended without any outside facilitation. And the speed with which agreements are being churned out in Kathmandu is both surprising and spectacular. ..... The dramatic turnaround and euphoria is being cautiously ascribed to the "Nepali way" of conflict resolution and numerology...... Count the points. A 12-point letter of understanding, 25-point code of conduct, 10-point parliamentary proclamation, 8-point summit accord and so on. Aggregated, these exceed the 43 demands put up by the Maoists a decade ago...... Many Ambassadors are cooling their heels, unclear about whom they should present their credentials to. Two of them simply went to the King..... Prachanda's political performance at his first Press conference in Kathmandu recently was breathtaking. .. 'The Furious One' was in total command as the SPA leaders minus Mr Koirala were spellbound...... The role of the 31-member Civil Society Monitoring Mission is equally vague. Some of its members, including the chairman, have declined to join it...... The Maoists need to declare the strength, location and weapons of the PLA.... The process of Demilitarisation, Decommissioning and Reintegration (DDR) is very complex and sensitive..... The Maoists are estimated to have an army of 7,000 with approximately 3,500 hand-held weapons. While the strength of the Nepal Army is 90,000, the Armed Police Force is 40,000 and the Police, 60,000....... It is no secret that the destination the Maoists are seeking is a Communist Republic of Nepal...... The Indian Army, with its Gorkha battalions outnumbering the entire infantry of the Nepal Army..... the question of Maoists arms (and intentions).

Tara Niraula At City Hall


Tara Niraula At City Hall 1
Tara Niraula At City Hall 2
Tara Niraula At City Hall 3
Tara Niraula At City Hall 4
Tara Niraula At City Hall 5

Tara Niraula Recognized By NYC Government


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