Wednesday, August 08, 2012

Why Federalism Bothers Ram Sharan Mahat

Taking Kanak Mani Dixit To Task

The Pahadi Khas leaders who run the show in the Nepali Congress and the UML denied due process in the constituent assembly, otherwise the federalist forces had enough votes to get federalism already.

A duly set up committee in that assembly had put forth a map that the Madhesis and the Janajatis were happy with. That map had the support of two thirds of the members of the constituent assembly. Madhesis and Janajatis in the Nepali Congress and the UML were ready to disobey their leaders and vote in favor of federalism and give the country the constitution it deserved.

But people like Ram Sharan Mahat would not have any of it. They denied democratic due process. A political crime was committed. And now here he is arguing full force that he is also for federalism, a better kind of federalism, only he has not been understood well enough.

Making Federalism Work: Ram Sharan Mahat: Republica (Part 1, Part 2

Deuba for promulgating revised 1990 constitution
Nepali Congress leader Sher Bahadur Deuba has suggested promulgating a revised version of the 1990 constitution sans monarchy .... He recommended making a few changes to the constitution of 1990 like incorporating the clauses defining republic set up, federalism, secularism and presidency. .... The former prime minister said the current coalition will last as long as the Samyukta Loktantrik Madhesi Morcha (SLMM) continues to support the government
Madhesi leaders in NC rue party's apathy to Madhes PM: NC can’t claim unity govt helm
there should be new agreement among the parties to settle all issues in a package, including the formation of national consensus government. “Any party or individual who can garner the support of all the parties will lead the consensus government” ...... the incumbent government is an ‘election government’ responsible for holding the elections
Poll declaring authority vests in Cabinet, PM tells SC
the decision to hold fresh Constituent Assembly (CA) elections was in line with the apex court's verdict on November 25 last year that gave the government a fresh CA poll as one of the options if the assembly failed to come up with a constitution within the deadline of May 27 .... making Nepal an inclusive and secular federal democratic republic
अमेरिकाकी सदनमा जाने रौनियारको अभियान असफल
.....नत्र म प्रधानमन्त्री हुन तयारः ओली
प्रधानमन्त्रीलाई टिपेर फ्याल्ने ओलीको चेतावनी
भट्टराईको गतिविधिबाट भारतीय नेता लाज मानिरहेका छन् : ओली
प्रधानमन्त्रीको राजिनामा आवश्यक छैनः ओली

EC for poll in April
the Election Commission (EC) recently advised the government that it would be best to hold the elections in the second week of April next year
Chose either five-point deal or fresh election, Dahal tells opposition
“But the government to be formed for holding a fresh election won´t necessarily be led by the NC. Any party which can garner support of other parties can lead the new government in case there was no agreement as per the five-point deal,” said Dahal
Nefin's Sherpa says indigenous party soon
senior indigenous leaders from Nepali Congress (NC) and CPN-UML would also be accommodated in the new party
Janajatis to form broader alliance for election
decided to form a new party by indigenous leaders who said they were ´frustrated´ with their mother parties
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Limited Options

English: Leader of CPN U Maoist
English: Leader of CPN U Maoist (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Option 1: Revive The Constituent Assembly

I don't think that is an option. The Supreme Court made it clear a long time ago that the assembly will dissolve on its own after it has been around four years. Those four years are over, have been over for months.

Option 2: Elections To A New Constituent Assembly 

There is talk of holding elections to a parliament that works on a new constitution for the first six months or so, and then becomes a parliament after that work is over. The question is who should lead the government that takes the country through those elections. I only see two choices. Either the current government led by Baburam Bhattarai that might or might not include members from the NC and the UML, or a new caretaker government composed entirely of non political technocrats. The bottom line is all parties have to agree as to the outcome. But given the intransigence on the part of the NC and the UML, I think the Bhattarai government's push for change in election laws through ordinance might be the only choice.

थकित प्रधानमन्त्री, सक्रिय राष्ट्रपति
जनजातिको नयाँ पार्टी भोलि घोषणा गरिने
मधेसी मोर्चाको भावी यात्रा
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