Sunday, March 19, 2023

19: Pakistan

कसरी भत्कियो तीन दलीय गठबन्धन ? नेताहरु भन्छन्– गठबन्धन अझै कायम
हरियो लसुन खाँदा स्वास्थ्यले पाउँछ थुप्रै फाइदा, धेरै रोग हट्छ
‘महिलामाथि यौन हमला’ को टिप्पणीको मामिलामा राहुल गान्धीको घरमा पुग्यो प्रहरी

जनयुद्धमा मारिएकाहरू सहिद घोषणा (सूचीसहित) राज्यबाट क्षतिपूर्ति, परिपूरण र सम्मान पाउने

He’s the World’s Most Popular Leader. Beware. With approval ratings at home of about 78 percent, Modi is far and away the most popular major leader in the world today ....... Sweden’s V-Dem Institute, in a new report, listed India not as a democracy but as an “electoral autocracy” ranking 108th among 179 countries in its electoral democracy index. ...... India used to be a correspondent’s dream, echoing with the sound and fury of strongly held opinions. But today people often clam up when I ask about Modi. Reporters Without Borders now ranks India a dismal 150th in press freedom among 180 countries worldwide. ....... in 1977, Gen. Mohammad Zia ul-Haq seized power and engineered a wave of conservative Muslim nationalism that still tears Pakistan apart. ........ India still has a federal system that gives power to the states, and that constrains Modi. ......... Modi’s extraordinary popularity rests not just on demagogy but also on real accomplishments ....... A national survey in 2020-21 was released this month and found that 21 percent of rural households still had no access to any toilet — but that’s a significant improvement from almost 60 percent having no access in 2012. ........ some 600,000 Indians die annually from this indoor air pollution ........ Modi has pushed a digital identification and payment system that brings villagers into the banking system. ........ he is very good at economic development and infrastructure projects ........ the state of Gujarat. There he was a pro-business leader who oversaw strong economic growth .

Modi’s Final Assault on India’s Press Freedom Has Begun. has already put severe pressure on India’s once-rambunctious press, with journalists surveilled and jailed and the government using strong-arm tactics against media outlets to ensure favorable coverage. But in January, draft amendments to digital media guidelines were introduced that would essentially allow the government to block any content it doesn’t like. ........ In other words, the rest of India may end up looking a lot like Kashmir. ........ Journalists are routinely summoned by the police, interrogated and threatened with charges such as income tax violations or terrorism or separatism. Several prominent journalists have been detained or sentenced to jail terms. ......... In late 2021, I spoke to a young journalist, Sajad Gul, who was being harassed for his reporting. Fearing arrest, he told me that he slept fully dressed each night and kept his shoes at his bedside — unusual in Kashmir, where shoes are customarily removed before entering a home — in case he had to make a quick getaway. He was arrested in January of last year and remains in custody. Many journalists self-censor or have simply quit. Fearing arrest, some have fled into exile overseas. The Indian government has put at least 20 others on no-fly lists to prevent them from leaving the country. ........ At least 19 journalists were killed in Kashmir between 1990 and 2018....... Still, Kashmiri journalism flowered. Newspapers and news websites proliferated, and a new generation of talented young investigative journalists brought a fresh eye to Kashmir’s problems with well-researched public-interest reporting that often boldly took on the government.

Chaos Breaks Out as Imran Khan Makes Court Appearance Supporters of the former prime minister of Pakistan have repeatedly clashed this week with the security forces, keeping the country on edge. “Show you can fight,” he told supporters. ....... The court allowed Mr. Khan, who claimed he could not enter the judicial building because of the chaos outside, to register his appearance from inside his vehicle. ....... is facing dozens of court cases on charges that include terrorism and corruption. Several arrest warrants have been issued against him after he repeatedly refused to appear in court in Islamabad. The court hearing he attempted to join on Saturday involved accusations of illegally profiting from accepting state gifts, and of concealing his assets. ......... angry crowds of Mr. Khan’s supporters that have camped out outside his home and effectively taken on the role of his personal body guards. ........ The political scene has become a game of clashing dynasties that take turns falling in and out of favor with the country’s powerful military establishment, with the victors wielding the country’s justice system against their rivals. ............. the state has brought dozens of court cases against Mr. Khan. He and his supporters have characterized the accusations as a misuse of the justice system by the government of Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif and by the military in order to sideline Mr. Khan from politics.

No comments: