Monday, August 20, 2007

तीन लाखले सरकारी जागीर खाने, तीन करोड कता जाने?

Mantra: Economic Revolution
Best Possible Scenario: How It Could Unfold
Proposed Constitution
Think Tank
द्वैध नागिरकता िबना नेपालमा अार्िथक क्रान्ित सम्भव छैन


India celebrates 60 years

On The Web

Manmohan Singh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia the most educated Indian Prime Minister in history .... the economic reforms he had initiated in 1991 when he was Finance Minister .... an unassuming politician ..... His economic policies - which included getting rid of several socialist policies - were popular .... the only Indian Prime Minister never to have been an elected member of the Lower House of Parliament ..... opened the nation to foreign direct investment and reduced the red tape that had previously impeded business growth. ...... helping to revamp the party's platform and organization. ..... Dr. Singh's image is generally regarded as intellectual, honest but cautious, attentive to working class people (on whose votes he was elected), and technocratic. ...... Singh's administration has focused on reducing the fiscal deficit, providing debt-relief to poor farmers, extending social programs and advancing the pro-industry economic and tax policies that have launched the country on a major economic expansion course since 2002.
BBC NEWS | World | South Asia | India's architect of reforms
Manmohan Singh speaks out on economic reforms, disinvestment and ...
Is this the last of economic reforms for a while?
Commanding Heights : Manmohan Singh | on PBS
Life after Manmohan Singh
Economic reform in the People's Republic of China - Wikipedia, the ... Economic reforms started since 1978 has helped lift millions of people out of poverty, bringing the poverty rate down from 53% of the population in 1981 to 8% by 2001. ...... As of 2005, 70% of China's GDP is in the private sector. The relatively small public sector is dominated by about 200 large state enterprises concentrating mostly in utilities, heavy industries, and energy resources. ....... The reforms of the late 1980s and early 1990s focused on creating a pricing system and decreasing the role of the state in resource allocations. The reforms of the late 1990s focused on closing unprofitable enterprises and dealing with insolvency in the banking system. After the start of the 21st century, increased focus has been placed on narrowing the gap between rich and poor in China. ....... over two decades of rapid economic growth. ....... The standard of living of most Chinese has improved markedly since 1978. The CCP goal of modernization also seems to be moving forward. Throughout China one can witness the rapid modernization of infrastructure, including new superhighways, airports, and telecommunications facilities. Shanghai now has a magnetic levitation train, the first commercial maglev in operation in any country. ....... pragmatism, which is embodied in Deng Xiaoping's dictum to seek truth from facts. ..... incrementalism. Instead of announcing and implementing a national program, typically, an idea is implemented locally or in a particular economic sector, and if successful it is gradually adopted piecemeal throughout the nation ....... the PRC began to allow international trade and foreign direct investment. These initiatives immediately increased the standard of living for most of the Chinese population and generated support for later, more difficult, reforms. ...... creating market institutions ... a price driven market economy. ...... create a viable banking system .... industrial reform, which involved the painful closing of unprofitable state-owned factories and the development of social security systems. ....... perestroika has been widely judged to be a failure while Chinese economic reform has been widely considered to be a success. This is largely because the Soviets focused their efforts on developing heavy industry, which only affects a small group. In China the emphasis was on agriculture and light industry, which produces immediate winners because the goods produced are consumed by a large portion of the population. ....... many people were initially opposed to further liberalisation of the economy ...... 74% of Chinese surveyed feel that the free market is the best economic system .. 71% of people surveyed in the United States felt the same
Deng Xiaoping - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | Asian of the Century | Deng Xiaoping | 12/10/99
CNN In-Depth Specials - Visions of China - Profiles: Deng Xiaoping
CNN - Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping dies - Feb. 19, 1997
Online NewsHour: Deng Xiaoping's Legacy -- February 25, 1997
Ideology and Economic Reform under Deng Xiaoping (1978-1993)
Deng Xiaoping

Google Books

Economic Reform in Three Giants: U.S. Foreign Policy and the USSR, China, and India
Economic Reform in China: Problems and Prospects
China Under Deng Xiaoping: Political and Economic Reform
Ideology and Economic Reform Under Deng Xiaoping, 1978-1993
China and the Legacy of Deng Xiaoping: From Communist Revolution to Capitalist Evolution
The Gradual Revolution: China's Economic Reform Movement
China's Entrepreneurial Army
The Rise of China: How Economic Reform is Creating a New Superpower
Foreign Trade and Economic Reform in China, 1978-1990
The Politics of Economic Reforms in India
Democratic Politics and Economic Reform in India
India's Economic Reforms, 1991-2001
Economic Reform In China And India: Development Experiences in a Comparative Perspective

नेपालको प्रमुख समस्या र चुनौती भनेको गरीबी हो। संघीय, समावेशी गणतन्त्रको स्थापना भएपिछ सबै राजनीितक पार्टीहरूको एउटै लक्ष्य रहनेछ। त्यो हो देशमा अार्िथक क्रान्ित कसरी ल्याउने? अार्िथक क्रान्ित भनेको लगातार ३० वर्षसम्म अार्िथक वृद्िध दर १०% अथवा सोभन्दा बढी हुनुपर्छ।

दिलत, मधेशी, जनजाित र मिहलालाई पिन समानता भएको नेपालको राजनीितक िनर्माणमा िढलासुस्ती गर्नु भनेको अार्िथक क्रान्ितलाई अनाहक पर पर सार्नु हो।

संघीय गणतन्त्र नेपालमा १,००,००० ले सरकारी जागीर खालान्। ३०,००० ले नेपाल सेनामा जागीर खालान्। ४०,००० ले प्रहरी सेवामा जागीर खालान्। त्यो त दुई लाख पिन भएन। दुई करोड सत्तरी लाख जनसंख्या रहेको देशमा दुई लाख सरकारी तलब खानेहरूको मात्र िचन्ता गरेर हुँदैन।

अिहले देशमा जित राजनीितक झगडाहरू भइराखेका छन् ती सबै ती पौने दुई लाख सरकारी जागीरकालािग भइराखेका छन्। संघीय, समावेशी गणतन्त्रको स्थापना हुनु अत्यन्त जरूरी छ। दिलत, मधेशी, जनजाित र मिहलाले समानता पाउनु जरूरी छ। तर संघीय, समावेशी गणतन्त्रको स्थापना हुँदासम्म नेपालको गरीबी जस्तातस्तै रहनेछ।

सबै नेता र पार्टीहरूले त्यसरी ४-५, १० वर्ष अगािड सोचेमा अिहेलेका किठन सवालहरूसँग जुध्न सिजलो पर्नेछ।

No comments: